Author Topic: IP address settings - External vs Internal?  (Read 1645 times)

archived

  • Hello, I'm new here
  • Posts: 0
    • View Profile
IP address settings - External vs Internal?
« on: January 05, 2007, 02:53:18 pm »
In configuring Pluto, I found settings for the system's IP addresses, and can enter information for both an external and internal NIC.  Since my system only has one NIC and is connected to my internal network, I supposed the "Internal" settings would be appropriate.  A static IP adress was assigned to the "Internal" portion, but nothing changed (the address I use to get to the web interface remained in its previous DHCP address).  

Then I cleard that information and tried the "External" NIC.  This did the trick.

What is confusing is why they are labeled that way.  Perhaps I'm misunderstanding the manner in which they're being considered "Intern" and "External."  Is the core box supposed to be acting as a home router as well?  If so, wouldn't the NIC connected to the outside world want to be DHCP capable?  But that isn't an option for the "Internal" NIC, at least not on my configuration page -- it only gives me "IP address" and "Subnet mask" as options.

Pat

archived

  • Hello, I'm new here
  • Posts: 0
    • View Profile
Re: IP address settings - External vs Internal?
« Reply #1 on: January 05, 2007, 05:58:40 pm »
Hi Pat.  You are correct in your assumption that the Pluto Core is meant to be used as your home router.  In this case your External NIC is connected to the Internet, and your Internal NIC acts as a DHCP server, DNS server and gateway for your internal network.

In your situation (i.e. only one NIC), as I understand it, you will need to assign a static IP to that NIC.  Pluto will set up a DHCP server on this NIC as well, so make sure you disable your router's DHCP server or any other DHCP server you have on your network.  This is so that Pluto can hand out PXE boot images to Media Directors.  This also explains why Pluto isn't letting you use DHCP to obtain an IP for your only NIC - something would break if your DHCP server (Pluto) needed to obtain a DHCP address from somewhere else.  Not to mention you'd then have two DHCP servers on your network.

If you put a second NIC in, you will be able to use DHCP on your External NIC, but your Internal (because it's acting as a gateway and DHCP and DNS servers) will have to be static.

Hope that clears things up.

archived

  • Hello, I'm new here
  • Posts: 0
    • View Profile
Re: IP address settings - External vs Internal?
« Reply #2 on: January 05, 2007, 06:40:45 pm »
Quote from: "Bandito"
Hi Pat.  You are correct in your assumption that the Pluto Core is meant to be used as your home router.  In this case your External NIC is connected to the Internet, and your Internal NIC acts as a DHCP server, DNS server and gateway for your internal network.

In your situation (i.e. only one NIC), as I understand it, you will need to assign a static IP to that NIC.  Pluto will set up a DHCP server on this NIC as well, so make sure you disable your router's DHCP server or any other DHCP server you have on your network.  This is so that Pluto can hand out PXE boot images to Media Directors.  This also explains why Pluto isn't letting you use DHCP to obtain an IP for your only NIC - something would break if your DHCP server (Pluto) needed to obtain a DHCP address from somewhere else.  Not to mention you'd then have two DHCP servers on your network.

If you put a second NIC in, you will be able to use DHCP on your External NIC, but your Internal (because it's acting as a gateway and DHCP and DNS servers) will have to be static.

Hope that clears things up.


Thanks for the reply.

Well, I thought I'd selected an option during installation which would keep the core from behaving as a DHCP server, as I already have another machine running  Windows 2003 Server, and it is my DHCP, WINS, and AD server.  

Next, I only have one NIC in the Pluto core box at the moment, but changing the external NIC's ip address appears to affect that lone NIC, and that is on my internal network.  Don't know how I'd assign it to be the interal NIC instead, and since there doesn't seem to be any way to have it not be the DHCP server, I'd rather not do that.  What is the impact of only accessing the Pluto core from the external NIC?

Pat

archived

  • Hello, I'm new here
  • Posts: 0
    • View Profile
IP address settings - External vs Internal?
« Reply #3 on: January 05, 2007, 06:44:45 pm »
No real impact, other than that the firewall is configured on the External NIC, so you'll need to open some ports as required.  However I believe that all of the required ports are open by default (SSH, HTTP, etc.).

However I should add that NOT using the Pluto Core as your DHCP server means that you lose a lot of the functionality (like diskless Media Directors).  I'd personally recommend that you disable DHCP on your W2K3 box and enable it on the Pluto Core.